Eligibility and Tenure of Chairman & Members
The President of India appoints the Chairman and other members of the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). Generally, the members of the commission are the civil servants with at least 10 years of experience either in Central or State service.
The Commission is examined by a Secretariat led by a Secretary with two Additional Secretaries, a number of Joint Secretaries, Deputy Secretaries and other assistant staff.
Each member holds office for a term of 6 years or until he attains the age of 65 years.
Criteria for Removal of Members (Union Public Service Commission)
The members can submit their resignation to the President of India at any time. Any member of the commission would be removed from the office by the President of India on the ground of misbehaviour (if and only if an inquiry of such misbehaviour is made and defended by the Supreme Court of India) or if any member is charged with bankrupt or engaged in any paid employment outside the duties of his office or if the President opines the member is unfit to continue in office by reason of illness of mind or body.
The member can be removed from the office by the President of India on the grounds as well as procedure is given in Article 317 in the Constitution of India.
The Union Public Services Commission is among one of the few institutions which execute both autonomy and freedom along with the country’s higher judiciary and Election Commission.
Recruitment rules for Union Public Service Commission
According to the provision mentioned in Article 320 of the Constitution of India, the provisions of Union Public Service Commission (Exemption from Consultation) Regulations 1958, Recruitment Rules of all Group ‘A’ and Group ‘B’ posts in various Ministries/Departments of Government of India are necessary to be framed in consultation with the Commission. The Consultation with the Commission is also mandatory for structuring or revising Recruitment Rules for certain categories of posts under the Delhi Municipal Corporation, The New Delhi Municipal Coil, the Employees State Insurance Corporation, and the Employees Provide. Every year on all-India basis various examinations are conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) and this includes Civil Services, Engineering, Medical and Forest Service, etc.
Functions of Union Public Service Commission
The major functions of the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) under Article Section 320 of the Constitution of India are:
To conduct various examinations for the appointment to the services of the Union
Direct Recruitment by selection through interviews
Appointing Department officers on promotion, deputation and through absorption
Constituting and amending the Recruitment Rules for various services and posts under the Government.
Disciplinary cases relating to different Civil Services
About any matter related to the UPSC, they can directly recommend the Government by the President of Indian
Read to know more about the powers and functions of UPSC, check the linked article.
Every year, the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) submits a report of its work to the President of India. The President presents the report of the commission before the parliament along with a memo with regard to the cases where the advice of the commission was not accepted and the reasons for non-acceptance.
Every year, the Union Public Service Commission conducts various exams and Civil Services Examination is one among them. The Civil Services Examination is conducted in three stages viz.
Article-315. Public Service Commissions for the Union and for the States.
Article-316. Appointment and term of office of members.
Article-317. Removal and suspension of a member of a Public Service Commission.
Article-318. Power to make regulations as to conditions of service of members and staff of the Commission.
Article-319. Prohibition as to the holding of offices by members of Commission on ceasing to be such members.
Article-320. Functions of Public Service Commissions.
Article-321. Power to extend functions of Public Service Commissions.
Article-322. Expenses of Public Service Commissions.
Article-323. Reports of Public Service Commissions.
Dr Manoj Soni is currently a Member of the UPSC. Before being appointed the head of the UPSC, Soni served three terms as vice-chancellor (VC)- two consecutive terms as VC of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Open University (BAOU) for six years (2009-2015), and one term as VC of The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda (The MSU of Baroda) for three years (2005-2008). Notably, when Dr. Soni, at the age of 40, became the VC of the MSU of Baroda, he was the youngest ever VC in the country.
Source – UPSC
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